We also provide Routine Adult Immunization, boosters and Pediatric Vaccination for non-travelers
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DTaP: immunization is a combination vaccine that protects against three bacterial illnesses: Diphtheria (upper respiratory tract illness), tetanus (Lockjaw), and pertussis (whooping cough). Diphtheria is an infectious disease spreading from person to person by respiratory droplets from the throat through coughing and sneezing. Tetanus is caused a bacteria, the spores of which are widespread in the environment. The disease is produced by the bacteria when they grow in the absence of oxygen, e.g. in dirty wounds or in the umbilical cord if it is cut with a non-sterile instrument. It is characterized by muscle spasms, initially in the jaw muscles. As the disease progresses, mild stimuli may trigger generalized tetanic seizure-like activity, which contributes to serious complications and eventually death unless supportive treatment is given. Pertussis is a highly contagious bacterial disease of the respiratory tract. It occurs mainly in infants and young children, and is easily transmitted from person to person, mainly through droplets. The first symptoms include mild fever, runny nose, and cough, which in typical cases gradually develops into a cough followed by whooping (hence the name of whooping cough). HEPATITIS A: virus is found mostly in the stools and blood of an infected person about 15 - 45 days before symptoms occur and during the first week of illness.
You can catch hepatitis A if:
•You eat or drink food or water that has been contaminated by stools (feces) containing the hepatitis A virus (fruits, vegetables, shellfish, ice, and water are common sources of the hepatitis A virus)
•You come in contact with the stool or blood of a person who currently has the disease
•A person with hepatitis A does not wash his or her hands properly after going to the bathroom and touches other objects or food
•You participate in sexual practices that involve oral-anal contact
About 3,600 cases of hepatitis A are reported each year. Not everyone has symptoms with hepatitis A infection, many more people are infected than are diagnosed or reported.
HEPATITIS B: is a potentially life-threatening liver infection caused by the hepatitis B virus it causes inflammation (irritation and swelling) of the liver due to the hepatitis B virus (HBV). It is a major global health problem and the most serious type of viral hepatitis. It can cause chronic liver disease and puts people at high risk of death from cirrhosis of the liver and liver cancer. HIB: Haemophilus influenzae type b is a Gram-negative bacterium that causes meningitis and acute respiratory infections, mainly in children. In both developed and developing countries, it is an important cause of non-epidemic meningitis in young children, and is frequently associated with severe neurological sequelae, even if antibiotics are given promptly. In developing countries, H. influenzae is also a major cause of pneumonia in children. It is transmitted by droplets from infected (but not necessarily symptomatic) people. HPV: Human papillomavirus (pap-ah-LO-mah-VYE-rus) (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted virus in the United States. At least 50% of sexually active people will have genital HPV at some time in their lives. HPV is passed on through genital contact, most often during vaginal and anal sex sometimes through oral sex. HPV can be passed on between straight and same-sex partners—even when the infected partner has no signs or symptoms. Most infected persons do not realize they are infected or that they are passing the virus on to a sex partner. It is also possible to get more than one type of HPV.
Several types of cancer are associated with HPV:
Cervical cancer: The most common HPV-associated cancer. Almost all cervical cancer is caused by HPV. Vulvar cancer: About 40% are linked to HPV.
Vaginal cancer: About 70% are linked to HPV. Penile cancer: About 40% are linked to HPV. Anal cancer: About 85% are linked to HPV. Cancers of the head and neck are mostly caused by tobacco and alcohol, but recent studies show that about 25% of mouth and 35% of throat cancers may be linked to HPV.
MENINGITIS: (inflammation of the membranes that cover the brain and spinal cord) is treatable, but can be serious.Meningitis is usually caused by a viral or bacterial infection. Knowing whether meningitis is caused by a virus or bacterium is important because the severity of illness and the treatment differ depending on the cause. Viral meningitis is generally less severe and clears up without specific treatment. But bacterial meningitis can be quite severe and may result in brain damage, hearing loss, or learning disabilities. For bacterial meningitis, it is also important to know which type of bacteria is causing the meningitis because antibiotics can prevent some types from spreading and infecting other people. Meningitis Vaccine is sometimes required for University bound students and required by Saudi Arabia for travel during the Hajj to Mecca. MMR: Measles (sometimes known as English measles) is an infection of the respiratory system caused by a virus. Symptoms include fever, cough, runny nose, red eyes and a generalized, maculopapular, erythematous rash is spread through respiration (contact with fluids from an infected person's nose and mouth, either directly or through aerosol transmission), and is highly contagious. Mumps is a contagious disease caused by a virus which leads to painful swelling of the salivary glands. The virus is spread from person-to-person by respiratory droplets (for example, when you sneeze) or by direct contact with items that have been contaminated with infected saliva. Rubella commonly known as German measles, is a disease caused by a virus. Rubella is a highly contagious viral disease characterized by slight fever, mild rash and swollen glands.. POLIO: Poliomyelitis (polio) is a highly infectious viral disease, which mainly affects young children. The virus is transmitted through contaminated food and water, and multiplies in the intestine, from where it can invade the nervous system. Many infected people have no symptoms, but do excrete the virus in their faeces, hence transmitting infection to others. In a small proportion of cases, the disease causes paralysis, which is often permanent. PNEUMOCOCCAL: Pneumonia is an infection of lungs that is most commonly caused by viruses or bacteria. These infections are generally spread by direct contact with infected people. (PREVNAR): Invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) is still out there...IPD includes meningitis, which remains a serious risk for children up to age 5. Untreated, meningitis can cause deafness and long-term brain damage ROTAVIRUS: Rotaviruses are a leading cause of severe diarrhoeal disease and dehydration in infants and young children throughout the world. Most symptomatic episodes occur in young children between the ages of 3 months and 2 years. The virus spreads rapidly, presumably through person-to-person contact, airborne droplets, or possibly contact with contaminated toys. Symptoms usually appear approximately two to three days after infection, and include projectile vomiting and very watery diarrhoea, often with fever and abdominal pain. The first infection is usually the worst one. There is no specific drug treatment for rotavirus infection, although oral rehydration therapy is recommended. There are now two new rotavirus vaccines to prevent severe rotavirus disease. TD (TETANUS)/ TDaP (TETANUS w/DIPTHERIA PERTUSIS): Tetanus (TD) is caused by the bacterium Clostridium tetani, the spores of which are widespread in the environment. The disease is caused by the action of a neurotoxin, produced by the bacteria when they grow in the absence of oxygen, e.g. in dirty wounds or in the umbilical cord if it is cut with a non-sterile instrument. Tetanus is characterized by muscle spasms, initially in the jaw muscles. As the disease progresses, mild stimuli may trigger generalized tetanic seizure-like activity, which contributes to serious complications and eventually death unless supportive treatment is given. Now there is a combined vaccine for individuals that not only would like to prevent tetanus but also Diptheria and Pertussis (whooping cough). This combined vaccine TDaP is recommended for individuals that are in close contact with infants under 12 months of age. SHINGLES: (herpes zoster) is a painful, blistering skin rash due to the varicella-zoster virus, the virus that causes chickenpox. The first symptom is usually one-sided pain, tingling, or burning. The pain and burning may be severe and is usually present before any rash appears. Vaccines can help reduce the risk of shingles, while early treatment can help shorten a shingles infection and lessen the chance of complications. Red patches on the skin, followed by small blisters, form in most people.
•The blisters break, forming small ulcers that begin to dry and form crusts. The crusts fall off in 2 to 3 weeks. Scarring is rare.
•The rash usually involves a narrow area from the spine around to the front of the belly area or chest.
•The rash may involve face, eyes, mouth, and ears.
VARICELLA-CHICKENPOX: is one of the classic childhood diseases. A child or adult with chickenpox may develop hundreds of itchy, fluid-filled blisters that burst and form crusts. Chickenpox is caused by a virus. Chickenpox can be spread very easily to others. You may get chickenpox from touching the fluids from a checkenpox blister, or if someone with chickenpox coughs or sneezes near you.
THE FOLLOWING VACCINES ARE CONSIDERED ONLY TRAVEL VACCINES
JAPANESE ENCEPHALITIS: is a viral disease that infects animals and humans. It is transmitted by mosquitoes and in humans causes inflammation of the membranes around the brain. Intensification and expansion of irrigated rice production systems in South and South-East Asia over the past 20 years have had an important impact on the disease burden caused by Japanese encephalitis. REQUIRES 2 DOSES- 2ND DOSE TAKEN 28 DAYS AFTER 1ST DOSE. TYPHOID FEVER: is a bacterial disease, caused by Salmonella typhi. It is transmitted through the ingestion of food or drink contaminated by the faeces or urine of infected people.. If you eat or drink something that is contaminated, the bacteria enters your body, and goes into your intestines, and then into your bloodstream, where it can travel to your lymph nodes, gallbladder, liver, spleen, and other parts of the body. A few people can become carriers of S. typhi and continue to release the bacteria in their stools for years, spreading the disease. YELLOW FEVER: is a viral infection transmitted by mosquitoes. This disease is common in South America and in sub-Saharan Africa.A person with advanced yellow fever may show signs of liver failure, renal failure, and shock.
Yellow fever varies in severity. Severe infections with internal bleeding and fever (hemorrhagic fever) are deadly in up to half of cases. FOR SOME COUNTRIES YELLOW FEVER VACCINATION IS REQUIRED FOR TRAVEL.